Physiotherapy helps to restore movement and function when someone is
affected by injury, illness or disability. It can also help to reduce risk of
injury or illness in the future.
consider the body as a whole, rather than just focusing on the
individual aspects of an injury or illness.
Some of the main approaches used by physiotherapists include:
be helpful for people of all ages with a wide range of health conditions,
including problems affecting the:
improve your physical activity while helping you to prevent further injuries.
Occupational therapists provide support to people whose health
prevents them doing the activities that matter to them.
An occupational therapist can identify strengths and difficulties you
may have in everyday life, such as dressing or getting to the shops, and will
help you work out practical solutions.
They can work with
you to identify goals that can help you maintain, regain, or improve your
independence by using different techniques, changing your environment, and
using new equipment.
therapy is used when someone is having difficulty with everyday tasks. This
could be because they have a:
therapists work with people of all ages and can look at all aspects of daily
life, from the home to the school or workplace.
Speech and language therapists support children/young people with
speech, language and communication needs and those with feeding and swallowing
difficulties. Speaking and eating uses the same muscles and speech and language
therapists are specially trained to help with specific difficulties with
feeding and swallowing.
Therapists work with children/young people who may have one or more of
the following difficulties:
Speech and language therapists will assess the skills, exact abilities,
difficulties and needs. This may include one or more of the following:
who works in psychiatry is called a psychiatrist
is a medical field concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of
mental health conditions.
other mental health professionals, such as psychologists and counsellors,
psychiatrists must be medically qualified doctors who have chosen to specialise
in psychiatry. This means they can prescribe medication as well as recommend
other forms of treatment.
conditions that may be diagnosed and treated by a psychiatrist include:
also provide psychological support for people with long-term, painful
or terminal physical health conditions.
Dietitians are the only qualified health professionals that assess, diagnose and treat dietary and nutritional problems at an individual and wider public-health level. Uniquely, dietitians use the most up-to-date public health and scientific research on food, health and disease which they translate into practical guidance to enable people to make appropriate lifestyle and food choices.
Dietitians work with healthy and sick people in a variety of settings. They often work as integral members of multi-disciplinary teams to treat complex clinical conditions such as diabetes, food allergy and intolerance, eating disorders, malnutrition, kidney failure and bowel disorders. A key role of a dietitian is to train and educate other health and social care workers. They cannot offer advice where there would personal financial benefit.
Dietitians are the only nutrition professionals to be regulated by law, and are governed by an ethical code to ensure that they always work to the highest standard. Only those registered with statutory regulator, the Health & Care Professions Council (HCPC) can use the title of 'dietitian'. The minimum requirement is a BSc Hons in Dietetics, or a related science degree with a postgraduate diploma or higher degree in Dietetics.
The term 'nutritionist' is not currently protected by the Health Professionals Council and so its use is less precise than 'dietitian'. Indeed, currently, anyone regardless of qualifications, experience and skills can call herself or himself a 'nutritionist'. Some nutritionists are also registered dietitians. Association for Nutrition (AfN) is the professional body for qualified nutritionists. The AfN maintains the UK Voluntary Register of Nutritionists (UKVRN), a competency-based register of individuals who are qualified and competent in nutritional science and practice.